By Nutritionist Jaden
Propolis has a medicinal history for thousands of years, it is used as an antiseptic and natural remedy
for oral disinfect and topical treatment of skin and wounds. Through the discovery and research on
beehives, the propolis is found to create a highly complex immune defence system which makes the
beehives the most sterile environment known in nature.
Bees use natural resources to create beehives where they can live and nurture in nature. In a severe
ecological environment, beehives will confront with external invasion by other organisms, against
wind and rain, risk of infection and more. Therefore, in response to these problems, bees make and
use propolis to protect their hives.
Propolis is a natural resinous mixture that bees produce by mixing saliva and beeswax with exudate
gathered from plants. Propolis is waxy in nature and possess antibacterial and antiviral properties.
Bees use it to build and repair cracks in their hives, smooth the inner walls, and act as a protective
barrier, regulating the temperature of the hive and keeping it sterile.
Nowadays, propolis is used in cosmetics or as a popular alternative medicine for self-treatment of
various diseases. Current applications of propolis include formulations for cold syndromes (upper
respiratory tract infections, common cold and flu-like infections), as well as dermatological
formulations used for wound healing, treatment of burns, acne, herpes simplex and genitals, and
neurodermatitis. Propolis is also used in mouthwashes and toothpastes to prevent caries and to
treat gingivitis and stomatitis.